Plato imagines a group of people who have lived chained in a cave all of their lives, facing a blank wall.
The people watch shadows projected on the wall by things passing in front of a fire behind them, and begin to ascribe forms to these shadows.
According to Plato, the shadows are as close as the prisoners get to seeing reality.
He then explains how the philosopher is like a prisoner who is freed from the cave and comes to understand that the shadows on the wall are not constitutive of reality at all, as he can perceive the true form of reality rather than the mere shadows seen by the prisoners.
Here's my new painting inspired by one philosophy class with sir Jope.
Sana ay kaya nating kalagin ang taling pumipigil sa ating makita ang katotohanan at ang totoong totoo.